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Glossary of Art Terms: 'Q-R'

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Realism

The art movement of the mid-19th century formed in reaction against the severely academic production of the French school. Realist painters sought to portray what they saw without idealizing it, choosing their subjects from the commonplaces of everyday life. Major realists included Gustave Courbet, J. F. Millet, and Honoré Daumier. In a broader sense the term is applied to an unembellished rendering of natural forms. In recent years realism has come to mean the presentation of forms and materials that are simply themselves, not primarily representations of things that already exist.

relic

Something cherished for its age or historic interest or an object kept for its association with the past.

Renaissance

A revival or rebirth of Classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that took place during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, beginning in Italy, and then spreading throughout Europe. The period was characterized by a renewed and heightened interest in classical Greek and Roman art.

reproduction

The term used to refer to the copy of a Fine Art piece. A reproduction could be in the form of a print, like an offset-lithographic print, or even reproduced in the same medium as the original, as in an oil painting reproduction or even forgery.